Here’s some information on the different types of terrain you’re likely to experience when you explore the off roads around you:
On the Trail
What you should expect: Dry Dirt, Gravel, Grasslands
What you might need: Essentially, just a 4×4
Level of Difficulty: Beginner
If you’re looking to satisfy your urge of Land Rover off-road driving but haven’t found much time or resources to get any better at it, trail driving is something you should explore. It is the safest and simplest of all off roading options and a good way to get introduced to the world of Land Rover off road driving. There are many off road trails that can be found in the state and federal parks. However, before taking your 4×4 on any unexplored terrain you should make it a point to visit the site and get acquainted with the obstacles that lie on that path. It is advisable to not be over ambitious and attempt steep descents or climbs, water crossings of any kind or an extremely rocky terrain.
What you should expect: Sand
What you might need: Apart from the quintessential 4×4 you could also need an air compressor and tyre gauge.
Level of Difficulty: Intermediate
We understand that you have been craving to get your off road machine on sand and give it a drive, but you should never take it to a beach or other areas that have been marked off the radar for 4×4’s. Always make sure it is legal for you to go off roading as being caught by local authorities cannot be good for your adrenaline rush.
Moving on to the difficulty of the terrain, anybody who has taken a stroll on the beach knows how different it is from other types of terrains. It is difficult to acquire traction on sand and due to this drivers need to deflate the air pressure and keep it in the range of 15-20psi. It allows the tyre treads to spread out on the sand and get better grip on the surface.
Remember when travelling on loose terrain such as sand it is important that you do not lose momentum. You should not slow down when you are driving through soft sand unless you find it to be absolutely necessary. Getting started again can be a real challenge as it could thrust up the RPM of your off road machine.
The moment you feel that your vehicle is getting stuck or digging in you should turn the steering wheel right and left repetitively as it helps tyres to gain better traction by catching hold of fresh terrain. When you’ve successfully completed your off roading mission and are about to leave the sand terrain you should inflate your tyres to the optimum air pressure for pavements.
The Muddy Trail
What you should expect: Shallow water (less than 6 inches) and lots of Mud
What you might need: Obviously the 4×4 and fitted with Mud Terrain or All Terrain Tyres
Level of Difficulty: Intermediate
There’s still a significant level of pride in towing vehicles out of mud but none if you’re the one being towed. If you wish to put up an impressive show there are certain tips you should follow so that the show doesn’t end in a mud hole or with your 4×4’s front mating an oak tree.
If you’ve been an off roading enthusiast chances are that you have grown up fantasising about hunky 4×4’s covered in mud. There’s no denying how much fun off roading on such a terrain can be but it is also the type that requires you to be in constant touch with your senses.
An inexperienced off road driver will tell you that the best way to tackle this terrain is to spin the tyres, floor it and try to slide the vehicle around. But they could not be more wrong as once if your vehicle starts sliding in mud it will not stop until it has done it to its heart’s content. It is the point at which you relinquish all control over the vehicle and submit to your fate.
Mud and sand may be extremely different terrains but when it comes to the off roading techniques that one needs to use, they are strikingly similar. When you’re driving on a muddy terrain it is best if you maintain a constant momentum. If you believe you’re about to get stuck repeat the same steps, repetitively and quickly turn the wheel right and left.
Since the possibility of getting stuck is high you should also be acquainted of what needs to be done to get yourself out of the pit. You should first get down and see where you’ve landed yourself. If you try to get yourself out without estimating the depth of the pit you will only dig yourself deeper. If the pit isn’t too deep and escapable you should drive the vehicle back and forth by shifting from reverse to drive at really low RPMs. If nothing works abort the off roading adventure and count on your friends to tow you out.
The Advanced Trails
If you look up off roading on Google your eyes will be in for a treat. You will see muscular 4×4’s crawling up rocky mountains and swimming in tyre deep streams. Even if you’re not so bad at it, these trails are off the limits for you as these terrains are reserved for the best of the lot. No amount of how-to guides can ever be sufficient to attempt an off road of this difficulty level.